Tag Archives: heart rate

One Step at a Time

Part Two – Putting One Foot in Front of the Other; the Beginning of Cardiovascular Wellness.

Getting yourself moving sounds like an easy step, but for someone who is beginning their wellness journey for the first time, or someone who is starting to work out again after some time off, it can be really daunting.

Try Different Things The first place a beginner heads to when they walk in the door is the treadmill. Keep in mind that there are a lot of different things you can try when getting started, but overall the best place for anyone new to the gym is the place that makes you feel comfortable, safe, and secure.  I’m a fitness professional, and the idea of hanging out on a treadmill for an hour sounds absolutely dreadful to me.  The key to finding a successful cardiovascular program is to change it up and find something that you like to do.  The treadmill might be your favorite place in the gym, others will find the elliptical, track, or bike your happy place.  If you want to try something and don’t know how or are intimidated by it, please ask us!  There are staff working in the weight room at all of our facilities and as active people, we would much rather talk to and help our members than sit at a desk!

Not Everyone is Built to Run Every single one of us is different. Our body’s physiology and genetic code plays a great deal into what our optimal style of workout is.  There are different muscle fibres in each of us that will make certain styles of physical activity easier than others.  If you absolutely dread long distances, try inserting some higher intensity intervals into your workout.  An example of this is to run a lap, do a set of jumping jacks, running stairs, or jump rope etc… in-between resistance training (weight lifting) sets.  So of you don’t like to run, don’t stress! There’s always something else to try!

Find Your Target Heart Rate Zone, and Stay Within It! An individual’s target heart rate zone (THRZ) is based on age.  The easiest way to figure out your THRZ is with this basic equation: 220-(age)= Heart Rate Max (HRM)  This is a number that we should aim to never surpass when doing cardiovascular activity.  Multiply that number by .6 and you will get 60% of your HRM.  Multiply that first number again by .8 to find 80% HRM.  During your cardiovascular workout, you would want to monitor your heart rate and keep it between 60% and 80% of your HRM For example, if you were 25 years old, your math would look like this:

  • 220 – 25 = 195 beats per minute (BPM) as your Heart Rate Max
  • 195 x .6 = 117 BPM
  • 195 x .8 = 156 BPM

This would mean that you want your heart rate somewhere in between 117 and 156 BPM during your cardiovascular workout.

Other Options Hiking groups, team sports or group fitness classes are an amazing way to sneak in a little cardio without even noticing it! It’s fun, it’s interactive, and you can meet new people who are living a healthy balanced life to help keep you on track. Here at the YMCA there are numerous different options to get involved in both aspects.  There are registered and drop-in group fitness classes offered at every branch in the city. We also offer climbing wall classes, swim and aquatic fitness classes, as well as some sport options.  These can differ from branch to branch, so check what is offered at your home branch. A lot of towns and cities have different recreational organizations to help people get involved with team sports as well. In Calgary, a great resource to check out the Calgary Sport and Social Club.  You can join a sport by registering a full team, partial team, or an as individual to make up a full team.

Build the Habit If you miss a day, don’t get discouraged! It’s all about putting one foot in front of the other, and sometimes a stumble will happen.  This is where you need to pick yourself up, dust off those hands and take another step.  Think to yourself the number twenty one. 21. XXI.  It takes twenty one days to build a habit.  Twenty one days to notice a real difference in your physiology. Twenty one days.  Keep putting one foot in front of the other and you’ll hit your stride.  You’ve got this.

Happy Trails!


Warm Up and Cool Down Tips

Trainers Tip

Now that the winter months are starting to be a thing of the past and the temperature outside is increasing, I often see members skipping the warm-up portion of their workout. Even though we may not feel that we need to warm up because of the weather, warming up is a very essential part of your exercise program and should not be overlooked. Just like a car in the morning, your body needs to be warmed up before it can go full throttle.

A well established warm-up routine will make your body run more efficiently with a lower possibility of sustaining an injury during a hard workout. The warm-up actually prepares your body for the intense exercise that is about to happen. It does this by increasing the blood flow to the muscles which improves the flexibility and the elasticity of the muscles. A warmed up muscle also contracts more forcefully and relaxes more quickly which results in both increased speed and strength.

Here are a few guidelines when planning your warm-up:

  • A warm-up should be about 10 minutes in length and should increase your heart rate above resting and physically make you warmer.
  • Stretching is not a good warm-up. Stretching does not necessarily make your muscles warmer and stretching a “cold” muscle can actually cause damage to that muscle.
  • A warm-up should be light to moderate aerobic activity.

Cooling down after exercise is just as important as warming up:

  • A cool down allows the body to return to its normal resting state it was in before exercise.
  • Cooling down is good to prevent blood from pooling in the extremities and helps to improve flexibility.
  • Light aerobic activity and stretching are good examples of
    a cool down.

For more information around warming up and cooling down contact one of the many certified personal trainers at YMCA Calgary.


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